The conditions in Saskatchewan’s crop, pasture and hay land have been reported as good overall by producers for the week of June 25, to July 1, 2024.  

Widespread rainfall was experienced throughout the province, with significant amounts falling in several regions, with only a few instances of hail. The excess moisture in those places has contributed to the flooding of crops in low lying areas.  

The wet and cooler conditions have caused crop development to fall behind normal for this time of year. The potential for warmer temperatures and drier conditions in the coming weeks is anticipated to support crop advancement and haying progress. 

While the rainfall was widespread, the quantity was variable, the regions that received the highest recorded amount were Goodeve and Ituna at 143 mm and 133 mm respectively. This was closely followed by Rosetown receiving 130 mm of precipitation and the Biggar area seeing 120 mm of rain. Semans and Smiley area saw 112 mm and 108 mm respectively. 

The frequent rainfall has assisted in increasing topsoil moisture within the province. Cropland topsoil moisture has been rated at 14 per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and six per cent short. Hayland topsoil moisture has been reported at nine per cent surplus, 84 per cent adequate, six per cent short and one per cent very short. Pasture topsoil moisture levels are showing five per cent surplus, 84 per cent adequate, nine per cent short and two per cent very short.  

Varying stages of development are being reported across the province ahead of the anticipated warmer conditions: 

Three per cent of winter cereals are in the tillering stage, eight per cent at stem elongation, 22 per cent at flag leaf, 57 per cent heading and 10 per cent at the dough stage. 

Spring cereals are showing five per cent in the seedling stage, 33 per cent tillering, 33 per cent at stem elongation, 23 per cent at flag leaf, and six per cent heading. 

Six per cent of pulse crops are in the seedling stage, 71 per cent in vegetative stage, and 23 per cent are flowering. 

Canola and mustard progress show that 15 per cent of crops are seedlings, 48 per cent have entered the rosette stage, 26 per cent bolting and 11 per cent are at the flowering stage. 

One third of flax crops are reported to be in the seedling stage, with 64 per cent at stem elongation and the remaining four per cent flowering.  

Pasture conditions throughout the province are reported to be in good shape. Twenty-nine per cent of pastures are reported as excellent, 57 per cent as good, 13 per cent as fair and one per cent as poor. 

Haying operations have been delayed by the frequent and forecasted rains over the past week. Only six per cent of the hay crop has received its first cut with three per cent baled or silage. Twenty-five per cent of the hay crop has been rated as excellent, with a further 69 per cent good and six per cent fair.  

Excess moisture conditions have been the main cause of crop damage in the province, causing severe damage in some areas. Some regions report that low-lying areas with standing water have a limited chance for crop recovery. Other parts of the fields in those regions are experiencing crop yellowing, stunting and root rot development due to moisture stress. 

Minor to moderate crop damage has also resulted due to high winds and hail. 

Gopher problems, most notably in canola, have caused moderate to severe damage. On a positive note, the cooler weather has slowed grasshopper development in many areas, but producers continue to monitor their fields.  

The continued development of canola crops has reduced the concerns posed by flea beetle damage.  

Producers continue to note leaf diseases in cereals and the start of pulse disease development. Over the coming weeks, producers will begin applying fungicide to slow disease progression in their fields. 

Weed spraying is starting to wrap up, but delays have been experienced due to frequent rain and wind. 

 Over the next several weeks, fungicide spraying will start, with some areas of the province already in progress. Haying will progress in many regions and begin in those areas that have been waiting for drier conditions. Producers will continue to monitor their fields for pests and diseases.